Building History

The history of St. Matthias & St. George Parish Church

Origins
At the beginning of the 19th century Astwood Bank, Crabbs Cross and Hunt End were small villages on the outskirts of Redditch and part of the large ecclesiastical parish of Feckenham. In 1801 the combined population of the three villages was no more than 250 people. In the 1881 census some 2,400 persons lived in this N.E. corner of the parish, yet had to travel at least 2 miles to their nearest church down narrow country lanes. In August 1881 a new vicar, the Rev. Thomas Rooke, was appointed to Feckenham and having noted the growth of population began to consider means whereby a church could be built on the Ridge. On the 1st February 1882 he held a Wednesday evening service in the village school and was surprised at the huge attendance. The Wednesday evening services continued weekly, supplemented by occasional festival services, until the last service in the schoolroom was held on the 10th August 1884, the eve of the consecration of the first part of the church to be built.

Early Beginnings
The first meeting to discuss the project was held on the 23rd February 1882. A number of prominent local persons associated with the parish of Feckenham met under the chairmanship of the Vicar and agreed to build a church in Astwood Bank on land kindly donated by Sir. Harry Foley Vernon. The original plot of land measured 170 feet in depth from the road and 130 feet along the road (the present east, north and south boundaries) the original west boundary being a line from the existing roadside gate pillar along the Vicarage hedge.
The remainder of the site as we see it today was either given or purchased at various times from 1891 onwards. The present hall was originally stables and given by Sir Harry Vernon in 1891 to house the Sunday School. This building was extended in 1923 to its present size and approximate layout. The land between the hall and church was purchased in 1919 and the Vicarage built in 1926 since it was difficult to obtain the services of a married curate without the provision of a house.

The Church
The original plan was for a church seating 600 persons but the immediate task, based on the funds available – was to build the chancel, the base of the tower and the outer walls of the vestries and complete the building when funds became available. (The building first used in 1884 could accommodate 200 people.) The church was designed by the Diocesan Architect in the Decorated style of the 14th century and the builder was Henry Surnam of Astwood Bank. The foundation stone was laid on the 31st May 1883 by Lady Georgina Vernon and the first part of the building completed and consecrated on the 11th August 1884. The arch separating the chancel from the nave rises 41 feet from the floor to the apex. The proposed nave was to be 83 feet long by 53 feet wide, the roof to be supported by pairs of pillars at equidistant from each other. The height from the floor of the nave to the apex of the roof would measure 56 feet. The structure was to be built of Bromsgrove stone with the inner walls of the chancel faced with brick.

Consecration
At the consecration service a number of gifts were made including the altar cross, gift of the Dowager Marchioness of Hertford, in memory of her husband. A Glastonbury chair gift of Mr. A. Marshal, Patron of the Feckenham living; a credence table and baptismal shell from Bethlehem given by the Rev. Rooke. On the 14th March 1886 the Vicar was presented with a service of silver vessels for the celebration of Holy Communion. The service consisted of a silver chalice, a silver paten with inscription and a silver mounted rub-glass flagon, all in a polished oak case. The chalice and paten were made by a Birmingham firm – Jones & Willis, The gift is inscribed on the paten with the following :-

Presented with chalice and cruet, to the Rev. Thomas Rooke, for the use of the Church of Ss. Matthias & George, Astwood Bank, by the Duke of Westminster, J. A. Shaw Stewart Esq., Colonel F. Haygarth and other friends of his and St. George’s Hospital, London 1885.

Nave
When the nave was eventually built in 1911 the vast space envisaged in the original plan was reduced to a length of 51 feet and width of 39 feet with 2 pairs of pillars supporting the roof. This space is thus less than half that considered necessary in 1882 and in consequence there is incorrect size balance between chancel and nave. The nave building was entrusted to Geo. Huxley and Co. of Astwood Bank and building commenced on the 24th April 1911. The foundation stone was laid on the 6th June 1911 and the building consecrated on the 25th October 1911 by Bishop Mylne, Rector of Alvechurch, who had been Bishop of Bombay from 1876 – 1897 and served in the Salisbury diocese before coming to Alvechurch in 1905.

Dedication
The church is dedicated to St. Matthias & St. George – an unusual double dedication in the
Church of England. The dedication came about because on the death of the previous incumbent of Feckenham a problem arose as to who was the patron of the parish church. Eventually on the sale of an advowson ( the right of presentation to a benefice) left by a Mrs. Hutcheson to be divided between three parties, the parties failed to agree as to who should present the next incumbent to the living of Feckenham, a Judge in Chancery decided that they should draw lots. The lot fell to the Corporation of St George’s Hospital, London and the governors exercised their right by offering the living to their chaplain of eleven years -Thomas Rooke. The name of the church therefore refers to “the lot” which had, in the new vicar’s case as in the original St. Matthias, cast him into the role, and in reference to the name of the hospital whose governors had offered him the living as a result of the lot-casting.